We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched.We feel that there are many disadvantages in dividing pupils into different groups. It does not take into account the fact that children develop at different rates. It can have a bad effect on both the bright and the not-so-bright child.After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade!
Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This is only one aspect of their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning.
In our classrooms, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups: this gives them the opportunity to learn to co-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, and to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher.
Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes they work on individual tasks and assignments, and they can do this at their own speed.They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this effectively. An advanced pupil can do advanced work: it does not matter how old the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal.
1.The phrase “held back” in Line 1 means being ______.
A.forced to study hard
B.stopped from making progress
C.unwilling to study hard
D.pushed to make great progress
【精析】B 根据第一段第一、二句“We find that bright children are…On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched.”可知，混班教学并不会阻止聪明孩子们的发展，反而会丰富他们的知识和经验，所以held back是“阻止发展”的意思，与选项B表达的意思相同。故选B。
2. The writer’s attitude towards “mixed-ability teaching” is______ .
【精析】A 作者在文章开头就表明了自己对混班教学的态度，即“We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched.”由此可知，作者认为混班教学会丰富聪明学生的知识和经验。由此可推知，作者对混班教学持支持态度。approving:赞成的;negative:消极的，否定的;critical:批评的;indifferent:漠不关心的。故选A。
3.According to the writer, the main concern of a teacher should be the development of the students’______ .
【精析】B 根据第二段第三、四句“We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability…value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixedability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning.”可知，作者认为老师应该关心学生的全面发展。故选B。
4.Which of the following is NOT MENTIONED in the third paragraph?
A.Pupils can learn how to be capable organizers.
B.Pupils can learn how to work together with others.
C.Pupils can learn how to participate in teaching activities.
D.Pupils can learn how to develop their reasoning abilities.
【精析】C 根据第三段第二句“The pupils often work in groups: this gives them the opportunity to learn to co-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills.”可知，经常以小组学习的学生们可以学会合作、分享，并培养领导能力，所以选项A、B正确;根据第三段第三句“They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as how to think, to make decisions, to analyze…”可知，学生们以小组学习可以学会处理个人问题、思考、做决定、分析、评估，所以选项D正确;第三段并没有提到选项C。故选C。
5.This passage aims to ______.
A.offer advice on the effective use of the library
B.emphasize the importance of teaching the skills
C.discuss pair work and group work for classroom activities
D.argue for teaching bright and not-so-bright pupils in the same class
【精析】D 文章第一段以mixedability teaching这一有利于学生发展的教学方法引出提升学生能力的话题;第二段指出老师应注意学生全方面能力的提升;第三、四段提出课堂上提升能力的一些教学方法，如小组教学(group teaching)、小组活动(work in pairs)等方法。故选D。