Our child’s behavior is greatly influenced by the way we react to what he has done. Our reactions help to determine whether our child will repeat his behavior or whether he will do something different. This statement is a very important part of a principle of behavioral psychology.
The principle states that a behavior is influenced or affected by how the environment immediately responds to the behavior. Perhaps without realizing it, you have used this principle many times.
On the occasion when you told your child what a good boy he was after he cleaned up his room, you used the principle. When you sent your child to his room for fighting with his brother, you used the principle. When I gave Kim a cookie after she started to cry, I used the principle. In each of these examples, a particular behavior occurred first—cleaning up a room, fighting, and crying.
In addition, there was a reaction to each behavior—the child was praised, sent to his room, or given a cookie. By these actions, we have influenced the previous behaviors and have helped to determine whether those behaviors will occur again in the future.
1.What is the lecture mainly about?
A.Children’s and environmental protection.
B.Children’s behavior and fighting.
C.Children’s behavior and our response.
D.Children and principles.
【精析】C 文章第一段指出我们的反应(our response)会对孩子的行为(children’s behavior)产生很大的影响，第二、三、四段则对这种现象进行阐释并举例说明，故选C。
2. On what kind of principle is the lecture based?
A.A principle in chemistry.
B.A principle in behavioral psychology.
C.A principle in physics.
D.A principle in geology.
【精析】B 根据文章第一段最后一句“This statement is a very important part of a principle of behavioral psychology.”可知，应选B。
3. Who do you think the audience at this lecture might be?
【精析】D 根据文章大意及our child和your child等字眼的使用可得知，文章主要讲述父母的反应与孩子行为之间的关系，因此听众应为父母。故选D。
4. According to the lecture, why was the child sent to his room?
A.As a kind of punishment.
B.As a kind of reward.
C.As an experiment on the principle.
D.As an example of the principle.
【精析】A 从文章第三段第二句话“When you sent your child to his room for fighting with his brother, you used the principle.”可得知，将孩子送回自己的房间是因为他和弟弟打架了，故选A。
5. The principle states that a behavior is influenced or affected by how the immediately responds to the ()behavior.
【精析】C 从文章第二段第一句话“The principle states…by how the environment immediately responds to the behavior.”可得知，此原则是讲行为受环境对其反应的影响，故选C。